Ears and Skin
My pet and skin disease
Skin disease and disorders are a common problem seen in pets. The condition of your pet’s coat and skin is an important indicator of their overall health.
As with allergies or skin reactions in people, these conditions can vary from acute, self-limiting problems to chronic or long-lasting problems requiring life-long treatment.
The many conditions that cause itchy and damaged skin can be grouped into a few categories which have similarities to those seen in humans. These groups include:
immune related skin disease
hormonal diseases that may be non-skin related but show up on the skin such as hypothyroidism (low thyroid disease) or Cushing’s disease
Ear disease can often be an extension of skin disease in pets. The ears are a deep, dark area that can harbor and grow infection because of the moist environment.
What are the different types of skin disease seen in pets?
Atopy is a common skin disease causing itchiness of the skin. It is a reaction by an individual animal’s body to airborne pollens from grasses, weeds, trees, mould spores and house dust.
Common areas that atopy symptoms are found include:
muzzle or nose
face (especially around the eyes)
on paws and in between toes
External Ear Infections (Otitis Externa)
Infections of the external ear canal (outer ear) by bacteria or yeast, is one of the most common types of infections seen in dogs and cats. The most common causes of ear infections include allergies, heat trapped moisture due to baggy ears, and excessive earwax or hair in the ears. It can also be caused by ear mites, foreign material like a grass seed, or an unknown growth.
What is an aural haematoma?
An aural haematoma is a blood blister of the ear. It forms when one or more of these vessels rupture and the leaking blood pockets into the space between the two layers of skin.